Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Brachypodium stacei
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
Brast01G056900.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast01G056900.2.pAP2 family protein
Brast01G110500.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast01G165800.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G062100.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G102900.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G102900.2.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G158900.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G321700.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G359400.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast02G359400.2.pAP2 family protein
Brast03G026100.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast03G238600.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast04G017600.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast04G138300.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast04G296700.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast04G296900.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast04G297000.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast05G130000.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast05G286200.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast06G171200.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast06G219400.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast07G015400.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast07G222700.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast07G233700.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G044900.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G227000.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G227000.2.pAP2 family protein
Brast09G135800.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast09G234500.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast09G238400.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G139100.1.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G139100.2.pAP2 family protein
Brast08G227000.3.pAP2 family protein
Brast01G165800.2.pAP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102